About Chile

About Chile

Chile is called the country with the nuts geography, because there is nearly everything in one large but thin country. 4300 km coast line are the distance from the north to the south. Also the climatic differences are enormous, the hot desserts in the north like San Pedro de Atacama and the cold, icy south in Patagonia are two different worlds. The middle is quite europelike, Blue lakes, still large forests and scenic volcanoes make you believe to be in the alps. The climate also has 4 seasons from spring to winter, but in a different circuit. So in winter time you can find numerous skiing areas like Farellones, Villarica or La Parva.

Chile is a real modern and clean country so you can travel save and comfortable. The cities seems to be in Spain or Italy, even Santiago has a modern Train system and exocentric buildings. Here are 5,3 Millions of the about 15 Millions Chileans concentrated and the city is still rising. About 100.000 people move to the metropolis every year. But Santiago is the only million city in Chile, Vallenar and Viña de Mar just have less than half a million, also Conception or the biggest city in the north Antofagasta. The most northern cities are Arica and Iquique, former Peru and still tax free areas. Calama and the famous San Pedro de Atacama are other highlights of the north. With still hot climate follows the area around Copiapo and La Serena. Here you find the eternal spring in the Valle de Elqui  and one of the coldest mountains in south America, the highest Point of Chile, Ojos de Salado 6893m.

In the lake district Poerto Montt, Osorno, Pucon, Villarica and Puerto Varas are the most famous cities. Further south just Punta Arenas and Puerto Natales. Here is the touristic backround of the country, the Torres del Paine National Park and the Patagonien andes. Virgen Forests, heavy glaciered mountains, thin rock needles and strong winds.

Mountains are good overflow, Chile has a few famous regions for andinists, down here just some of them:
·    Nevado Ojos del Salado, 6.880 m, III. Region (Región de Atacama)
·    Cerro Tupungato, 6.800 m, Hauptstadt-Region (Región Metropolitana)
·    Volcán Llullaillaco, 6.739 m, II. Region (Región de Antofagasta)
·    Volcán Parinacota, 6.342 m, I. Region (Región de Tarapacá)
·    Volcán Licancábur, 5916 m, II. Region (Región de Antofagasta)
·    Descabezado Grande, 3.830 m, VII. Region (Región del Maule)
·    Torres del Paine, 2.800 m, XII. Region (Región de Magallanes y de la Antártica Chilena)
·    Volcán Villarrica, 2.840 m, VIII. Region (Región de la Araucanía)
·    Volcán Osorno, 2.652 m, X. Region (Región de los Lagos)
·    Volcán Cerro Hudson, 1.905 m, XI. Region (Región de Aisén)

The Andes

At least above the sea level the Andean mountain chain is the longest in the world. They stretch from Venezuela through Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, to the southern parts of Chile and Argentina. For large part the Andean main chains run of two parallel chains with very different landscape forms through almost the whole of South America. At least 7,500 km long rises this still very young folds mountains near the Pacific Ocean.

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